Adem Demaçi u lindi më 26 shkurt 1936 në Prishtinë. Adem Demaçi ishte veprimtar për kauzën kombëtare në kohën e Jugosllavisë dhe luftonte për barazinë e Kosovës me Republikat e tjera të Jugosllavisë. Për angazhimin e tij politik, Adem Demaçi vuajti 28 vjet me radhë në burgjet e Jugosllavisë. Pasi u lirua ai menjëherë vazhdoi aktivitetin e tij politik. Ai quhet edhe Nelson Mandela i Evropës. Adem Demaçi udhëhoqi Këshillin për të Drejtat dhe Liritë e Njeriut (KMDLNJ) nga 1990 deri 1995.
Sot ai angazhohet për të drejtat e pakicave në Kosovë dhe respektohet shumë nga vendorët dhe të huajit.
Ishte (2005-2007) kryetar i Lidhjes së Shkrimtarëve të Kosovës dhe është rizgjedhur sërish në krye të drejtimit të saj.
Adem Demaçi in Pristina, is a Kosova Albanian writer and politician and a longtime political prisoner who spent a total of 29 years in prison for speaking out against the treatment of the ethnic Albanians in Yugoslavia as well as criticising communism and the government of Josip Broz Tito. During his imprisonment, he was recognised as a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International, and he is often referred to as “the Nelson Mandela of Kosovo”.
Demaçi studied literature, law, and education in Belgrade, Pristina, and Skopje respectively. In the 1950s, he published a number of short stories with pointed social commentary in the magazine Jeta e re (New Life), as well as a 1958 novel titled The Snakes of Blood(Gjarpijt e gjakut) exploring blood vendettas in Kosovo and Albania. The latter work brought him literary fame.
Demaçi was first arrested for his opposition to the authoritarian government of Josip Broz Tito in 1958, serving three years in prison. He was again imprisoned 1964-1974 and 1975-1990
After his release, he was Chairman of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedoms of the People of Kosovo from 1991 to 1995. He also served as editor-in-chief ofZëri, a magazine based in Pristina, from 1991 to 1993. In 1991, he was awarded the European Parliament‘s Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
In 1996, Demaçi moved into politics, replacing Bajram Kosumi as the president of the Parliamentary Party of Kosovo;Kosumi became his vice-president. During this time, he proposed a confederation of states consisting of Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia that would be known as “Balkania”. His prison record gave him credibility among Kosovars, but his tenure in party leadership was marked by factionalism and a lack of action.
Two years later, he joined the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), serving as the head of its political wing. In a 1998 interview with the New York Times, he refused to condemn the KLA’s use of violence, stating that “the path of nonviolence has gotten us nowhere. People who live under this kind of repression have the right to resist.” In 1999, he resigned from the KLA after it attended peace talks in France, criticising the proposed deal for not guaranteeing Kosovo’s independence. Sources stated that Demaçi had grown estranged from the KLA’s younger, more pragmatic leadership, leaving him “faced with a decision of jumping or waiting to be pushed”.
Though Demaçi’s wife left Kosovo before the war, he remained in Pristina with his 70-year-old sister during the entire Kosovo War. He was critical of Ibrahim Rugova and other Albanian leaders who fled the conflict, stating that they were missing an important historical event. Yugoslav soldiers arrested Demaçi twice, but were largely humane with him.
Following the war, Demaçi served as director of Kosovo Radio and Television until January 2004. He remained active in politics, affiliated with Albin Kurti, head of the nationalist movement Vetëvendosje!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia