A REMARK ABOUT NAVOI IN “HISTORY OF RASHIDI” / A Scientific Article by Farangiz Siddikov

 
Farangiz Siddikova
 
Farangiz Siddikova is the author of several scientific and historical articles and researches. Her creative works and translations have been successfully published in American, Indonesian, African journals and magazines.
Farangiz is a winner of the International MUN and Volunteer Conferences and Forums.
She is a student of the philological faculty of the Uzbek State World Languages University. Participant of the final stage of the first reality show “Young Reader”, organized by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
 
 
A Scientific Article
 
A REMARK ABOUT NAVOI IN “HISTORY OF RASHIDI”
 
“History of Rashidi” was written in 1541-1546 by Mirza Muhammad Haydar Koragon ibn Mirzo Muhammad Husayn Kuragon in Persian in Kashmir. This work was translated into Turkish by Khoja Muhammad Sharif in 1837-1838. “History of Rashidi” deals with the political, socio-economic, cultural life of Central Asia in the XIV-XVI centuries, including Afghanistan and North India, in some part of Tibet. It is an important resource in learning the system of statehood, governance and international relations, geography, ethnography, ethnogenesis.
The work consists of two copy-book sections. The first copy-book deals with the history of Genghis Khan in Movarounnahr and East Turkestan, the descendants of the Mongol khan Tughluq Temur until the middle of the 16th century, Amir Temur and his descendants and the Baburids, as well as the Shaybanids, Amir Hussein, emirs of Duglot, the lives and activities of the emirs and beys of the nation are covered. The second copy-book is a diary full of the author’s adventures and evidence of what he heard from the great figures of his time.
The author dwells on the cultural life of Central Asia, the representatives of that period, and provides excellent information about the lives of scholars, mashayiks, thinkers, scientists, poets, artists, calligraphers, painters and craftsmen who lived in the region. And, of course, this work is significant because it also provides valuable information and comments about Hazrat Mir Alisher Navoi. It is true that a lot has been written about Alisher Navoi before Mirzo Haydar. The state’s Tazkirat ush-shuaro, Khandamir’s Makorim ul-akhlaq, Jami’s Bahoriston, Boburnoma, and Wasifi’s Badoe ul-vakoe contain valuable and reliable information. “History of Rashidi” is one of the most reliable sources in the study of the phenomenon of Hazrat Alisher Navoi.
Chapter 92 of the work is called “Mir Alisher navwarallahu marqadahu zikri” and it contains the information and observations we are referring to. The author first dwells on Alisher Navoi’s poetic career: “Mir Alisher’s nickname is Navoi. No one has ever compose a poem like him in Turkish poetry before or since. He is the master of poetry. ” [4, 283] These observations are mentioned in the Boburnoma, “Alisherbek was a incomparable man. No one has said so much and so well in Turkish poetry” [2, 153]. Continuing his thought, Mirzo Haydar goes on to prove the uniqueness and greatness of Alisher Navoi in Turkish and Persian poetry. For example, “The fame of his Turkish poems is so much, as is the fame of Mulla Amadi’s Persian poems.” [4, 284]
In fact, the total number of poems of the poet is 10,000 bytes less than that of Amir Khusrav Dehlavi, but when Navoi’s prose is added, it can be seen that he composed more than Amir Khusrav. The poem of his teacher Jami is 31882 bytes. Alisher Navoi’s Turkish and Persian poetry is more than 58,000 bytes (5, 185).
The book not only tells the story of Mir Alisher Navoi, but also worked hard on life, supporting the students and public affairs. In the first place, the poet united the people of culture and creativity. In other chapters the services of the Navoi in this regard are enumerated. This information can be found in other sources as well. However, from the point of view of Mirzo Haydar’s faith and trust in Hazrat Navoi, there is no doubt about sincerity of them.
In conclusion, “History of Rashidi” is one of the most important and reliable sources in the study of the life of the founder of the Uzbek national language and literature, thinker and writer Hazrat Alisher Navoi and his exemplary work in the field of socio-political and artistic creativity. The information contained in it can be a worthy contribution to the study of Navoi, especially the biography of Alisher Navoi.
 

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